Work in the United Arab Emirates (UAE)
Beautiful weather, tax-free salaries, low crime rates and a thriving expat community are just some of the attractions of working in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). Author: Jemma Smith, Editor
The UAE's relentless growth over recent years has made working there look very impressive on any CV. Rich in cultural heritage, it's a place where tradition meets modernity. English is the main language of business and around 85% of the population comes from abroad so you'll have no trouble fitting in.
Opportunities exist all over this culturally-diverse country, but most jobs in the UAE will be found in Abu Dhabi and Dubai. The cost of living is fairly expensive, especially in these two cities, but you get your money's worth as the standard of living is world class.
Living and working in the Gulf region you'll be able to explore Islamic culture but to avoid getting in trouble with the law you'll need to respect local laws and customs. There can be severe penalties for breaking these. For example, there is a zero tolerance policy towards drugs and drink driving. Relationships outside of marriage are illegal as is same sex marriage. You'll need a special licence to consume alcohol and women should dress modestly when out in public.
On your days off you'll be able to enjoy red-hot weather, idyllic sandy beaches and plenty of opportunities for entertainment.
Jobs in the UAE
An oil-rich country, the UAE has had to deal with fluctuating oil prices and global oversupply but on the whole, the economy is strong and has seen rapid growth in recent years.
Major industries in the UAE include:
boat building and ship repair
handicrafts and textiles
petroleum and petrochemicals.
The UAE's biggest growth industries include:
advertising, market research, public relations (PR), media and entertainment
engineering, construction and real estate
hospitality and tourism
IT and telecoms
retail, trade and logistics
production, manufacturing, automotive and ancillary.
Many graduate jobs, especially those in the thriving energy sector, require science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) specialists. Accountancy and banking graduates, meanwhile, will find many openings in the property and finance industries.
Some of the best major companies to work for include:
AstraZeneca Gulf (pharmaceutical)
Apparel Group (retail)
FedEx Express (logistics)
Hilton Worldwide (hospitality)
Omnicom Media Group MENA
THE One (retail)
Weber Shandwick (communications).
How to get a job in the UAE
To increase your chance of job success you'll need to research the job market in your particular career area and location of preference.
Many expats find jobs through international companies in their home countries. Where possible it's best to try to secure work before making the move.
In the UAE many positions are advertised via recruitment agencies or online and, while it may be unusual practice in your own country, don't be surprised to find job adverts specifically asking for a particular gender, age or nationality.
Speculative applications are not unwelcome but securing a job through this method often relies on strong personal contacts.
Most applications are made online via an application form or CV. Make sure to attach a photograph and a short cover letter.
You'll usually undergo a face-to-face interview and a medical examination before being offered a job.
Short-term contracts are available in the construction, oil and retail industries but can be hard to secure once in the country. Because of these fixed-term contracts, summer and casual work can be hard to find.
Temporary work may be available in the hospitality sector in tourist areas such as Abu Dhabi and Dubai, you could also find work in the retail industry.
Volunteering opportunities in the UAE are generally limited, but are more common in places such as Abu Dhabi and Dubai. However, this is often due to a shortage of willing participants, so getting involved in voluntary work could provide invaluable experience. You can find openings at organisations such as the Red Crescent Society of UAE and Operation Smile UAE.
Otherwise, search for opportunities at:
Expat Echo Dubai - Volunteering Opportunities in Dubai
Government of Dubai - Volunteering in Dubai
Volunteering in Abu Dhabi
Despite the fact that English is the main second language in the UAE there are still teaching opportunities available.
As long as you hold a TEFL qualification you can find work teaching English as a foreign language in schools, colleges, universities, language centres and private institutions. Some jobs may require you to have a degree. You could also teach adult classes or work in conjunction with businesses to ensure that their employees are fluent in the language.
You can search for vacancies and find out more information at:
Teach Away in Abu Dhabi
You can also teach English in the UAE with the British Council.
Short-term work experience opportunities are limited, as companies usually sponsor employees for a minimum of 12 months. However, some internship and summer work placements may be found at:
Capital Placement also provides four to eight-week intern placements in Dubai.
Many universities, such as Heriot-Watt, have links to the UAE. Meanwhile, you may be eligible for university exchange programmes if you're still in education. Check with your institution's international office.
Visas for visiting the UAE will be issued on arrival to all UK nationals. This allows you to stay in the country for 30 days. The emirate you arrived in can then extend your visa for another 30 days, three days before its expiry date. However, you must leave the country at the end of this period. Your passport must have at least six months validity from the date of entry, so check before travelling.
If you intend to work in the UAE you'll need to be sponsored by an employer. Once you've accepted a job offer your employer will apply for a residency visa on your behalf and you'll then be able to get a work permit from the Ministry of Labour. You're not entitled to work without this permit and doing so is illegal.
Residency visas are subject to a medical examination; those who test positive for HIV or hepatitis will be deported.
Remember to cancel your work visa before permanently leaving the UAE.
Find out more about visas at Foreign Travel Advice - United Arab Emirates.
English is widely spoken by locals and is also the language of business. However, understanding Arabic will greatly improve your job prospects. Some popular places to learn Arabic include:
Golden Age Institute
The Arabic Language Centre
The Mother Tongue Arabic Language Centre
How to explain your UK qualifications to employers
Employers usually understand UK qualifications as the UAE education system has many similarities, but ensure that this is the case before application.
You, or your employer, can find out more at ENIC-NARIC.
What it's like to work in the UAE
As in the UK, full-time employees typically work five eight-hour shifts every week. However, unlike the UK, the working week runs from Sunday to Thursday. Friday and Saturday are rest days. Working hours are reduced during Ramadan.
Most employees are entitled to 22 days of annual leave. National holiday dates change every year, according to the sighting of the moon. There are ten national holidays, but the exact number of days given depends on whether the Islamic festival of Eid falls during the working week or the weekend.
You don't pay income tax on your earnings in the UAE.