Work in Ireland

Καταχώρηση 2018/12/13

Ireland's growing economy, range of international companies and plethora of opportunities makes working in the country a smart choice for talented graduates. Author: Jemma Smith, Editor

With one of the youngest populations in Europe, graduates hoping to start their careers in Ireland should feel right at home.

English is widely spoken and those that live on the Emerald Isle are friendly and welcoming.

The country has one of the highest standards of living in Europe and thanks to its well-connected geographical location and low corporation tax rates, an impressive number of multinational companies have European headquarters in the country, providing a wealth of opportunities.

Famous for its history and folklore, working in the country you'll be able to take advantage of everything that the lush green landscapes and metropolitan cities have to offer, and maybe indulge in a Guinness or two.

Job market in Ireland

Ireland was hit significantly by the global economic downturn, which caused firms to cut back on recruitment. However, the Irish economy grew three times faster than any other European country in 2017 and the unemployment rate, at 6%, is at an almost ten-year low. It's safe to say that things are slowly starting to look up for the Irish economy.

The service sector dominates the job market. Opportunities can be found in a number of major industries including the growing technology sector, where the demand for IT workers is high, and thanks to Ireland's rising popularity as a holiday destination, the hospitality and tourism industry are in need of both skilled and casual workers.



  • Beverages and brewing
  • Chemicals
  • Computer hardware and software
  • Food products
  • Medical devices and pharmaceuticals

The country is also home to several multinational companies, including:

  • Apple
  • Boston Scientific
  • Dell Ireland
  • Facebook
  • Google
  • GSK
  • IBM
  • Intel Ireland
  • Microsoft
  • Oracle
  • Pfizer
  • Ryanair
  • Twitter.

Competition for skilled jobs is fierce and your chances of securing work will increase with relevant work experience and third-level qualifications. In general work will be easier to come by in major towns and cities such as Cork, Dublin and Galway. While the capital city of Dublin is known to be relatively expensive, the cost of living is cheaper than other major European cities such as Copenhagen, London, Paris and Zurich.

Skill shortages

The Irish economy has skills shortages in a number of areas including:

  • Business and finance - accountants, business intelligence analysts, financial advisers, risk and compliance professionals
  • Engineering - biomedical engineers, chemical engineers, electrical engineers, energy engineers
  • IT - app developers, data analysts, software developers, IT support specialists, programmers
  • Healthcare - doctors, nurses, pharmacists, opticians, radiologists
  • Hospitality - chefs
  • Transport and logistics - logistics and supply chain managers, supply chain analysts, transport managers.

How to get a job in Ireland

You can start applying for jobs in Ireland before heading to the country. While it isn't essential for you to secure a job before arrival, researching, searching and applying for jobs from your home country may give you a head start in the hunt for work.

Application and interview processes are similar to those in the UK. You'll search for vacancies online, in the press and via your networks and contacts and apply for positions with either a CV and cover letter or an online application form. If your application is successful you may be invited for a formal interview.

There may be multiple interview stages. Some recruiters may first offer you a phone interview, and if successful you could then be invited to a face-to-face meeting. You may also have to pass an assessment day/centre for some jobs.

Your CV should be one to two pages long; it's a good idea to include your level of English proficiency if it is not your first language and details of any other languages spoken.

Summer jobs

Due to the country's busy tourism industry summer, seasonal and casual jobs shouldn't be hard to come by. Once again your chances of securing such roles will increase in the bigger towns and cities.

Temporary jobs can cover everything from cleaning and promotions, to teaching and hospitality work.

Volunteering is another great way to boost your CV and show prospective employers that you are dedicated to learning and improving your skills. Volunteer Ireland, the country's single national volunteering organisation, assists people who want to help out across the country.

The European Commission (EC) also funds a scheme called the European Voluntary Service (EVS), which is aimed at people aged 17 to 30 wishing to volunteer abroad. It offers young people the chance to volunteer for up to 12 months in a number of European and non-European countries.

Make sure you thoroughly research all volunteering opportunities and always check the terms and conditions before committing yourself to a scheme.

Teaching jobs

Ireland is a popular destination for those who want to learn English. Typical employers include commercial language schools, public and private schools and institutions of higher education.

The majority of English as a foreign language (EFL) schools are privately run and are located in or around Dublin, but work can also be found in smaller towns and cities such as Cork and Galway.

The Accreditation and Coordination of English Language Services (ACELS) is the national body responsible for the development and management of English language teaching organisations in the country. To search for schools visit ACELS - Schools.

To become an English Language Teacher (ELT) in Ireland the ACELS requires you to have a Bachelors degree and a recognised ELT qualification, these include:

Online ELT and i-to-i ELT qualifications are not recognised in Ireland.

To search for ELT jobs in the country see ELT Ireland Jobs Board.


Because of the competitive job market in Ireland, you are more likely to secure a role in the country if you have relevant work experience.

Depending on the industry in which you want to work, you could contact firms individually to see if they have a scheme in place. Alternatively, there are numerous services for helping people secure work experience, including:

Internships and summer work placements for students can also be arranged by:

  • AIESEC UK - for students and recent graduates
  • IAESTE UK - for science, engineering and applied arts students.

Irish visas

UK and European Union (EU) nationals do not need a visa to enter Ireland. If you are a non-EU or international citizen you may need a visa to work in the country and you should apply for this online at the Irish Nationalisation and Immigration Service (INIS).

UK, EU, European Economic Area (EEA) and Swiss nationals are entitled to work in Ireland, and be treated in the same way as Irish citizens when applying for a job, without an employment permit.

If you come from a country outside the EU you will need an employment permit to work in Ireland. There are nine different types of permit including a general permit and a critical skills permit.

For more information on work visas and employment permits see Citizens information - Coming to work in Ireland.

Language requirements

English and Irish (also known as Gaelic or Gaeilge) are the two official languages of Ireland, although English is the first language of the majority of the country.

Despite not being spoken on a daily basis, Irish is an important part of the country's heritage and identity.

Good English skills will be sufficient for most jobs, although some knowledge of Irish might help.

If you are coming to work in Ireland and English is not your first language, you may have to prove your level of English proficiency when applying for jobs.

How to explain your qualifications to employers

Irish higher education qualifications are directly comparable to those in the UK, so if you're heading to the country to work with a UK Bachelors, Masters or PhD these will usually be recognised and accepted by Irish employers. However, if you're unsure it's always best to check with potential employers before applying.

To find out more about the recognition of qualifications see ENIC-NARIC.

What it's like to work in Ireland

Your working week should not exceed 48 hours. As an employee you're entitled to sick leave, public holidays, maternity leave and parental leave and four weeks of paid holiday a year.

The national minimum wage for an experienced adult is €9.55 per hour.

There are nine public holidays in Ireland, these include:

  • New Year's Day (1 January)
  • St Patrick's Day (17 March)
  • Easter Monday
  • The first Monday in May, June and August
  • Last Monday in October
  • Christmas Day (25 December)
  • St Stephen's Day (26 December).

Your income will be liable to income tax. Your employer will deduct this from your wages and the amount that you pay will depend on what you earn. The first part of your income up to a certain amount is taxed at 20%, which is known as the standard rate of tax.

To find out more about tax in Ireland visit Citizens Information - How your income tax is calculated.


Ireland - National Level

Short overview of the labour market


As an international trading economy, Ireland is heavily dependent on foreign trade and influenced by global markets. Ireland is regularly cited as one of the most open markets in the world and rates highly in globalisation indexes. Ireland has recovered from a prolonged recession, the Central Bank estimating GDP growth of 4.7% in 2018 and forecasting growth of 4.2% for 2019, remaining amongst the highest in the EU. This strong growth is accompanied by a continuing fall in unemployment, down from 6.9% in Q3 2017 to 6.0% in Q3 2018, alongside an increase in the employment rate from 68% in Q3 2017 to 69.1% in Q3 2018.”




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